Just-in-time manufacturing is just not cutting it anymore

Editor’s Note: It’s no secret that today’s buyers want quality products quickly, and efficient production has become challenging for manufacturers using the just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing model. The JIT model currently suffers from long lead times, rising costs and a lack of operational flexibility resulting in budget overages, lost revenue and unhappy customers. Today, the solution for manufacturers comes from a technology integration known as cloud manufacturing, which delivers cost-saving benefits of the JIT model with the improved visibility, communication and flexibility of cloud services.

For manufacturers struggling with production and supply chain lag who want to deliver high-quality products quickly, now is the perfect time to adopt a cloud-driven manufacturing model.


The just-in-time manufacturing model relies on partners to make only as many parts as are needed with little margin for error, a practice that isn’t always compatible with today’s unpredictable world. Many are finding a new solution in the cloud.

Engineers and procurement professionals want quality products quickly, but lately, companies that follow the just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing model have been struggling. This model relies on manufacturing partners to make only as many parts as are needed with little margin for error.

While JIT enables companies to reduce inventory costs, it isn’t always compatible with today’s unpredictable world. This has left many searching for a new solution—and they’re finding it in the cloud.

To gain a deeper understanding of the challenges companies experience with JIT manufacturing and how cloud manufacturing can improve companies’ operations and bottom lines, Fast Radius surveyed 250 engineers, industrial and product designers and procurement professionals. Here’s what it revealed.

Challenges with JIT Manufacturing 

The survey found that 32 percent of respondents are using JIT today, while 48 percent tried JIT and have moved away from it. Three core issues, all exacerbated by JIT practices, came to the front:

Long lead times: Forty-two percent of respondents named long lead times as a top supply chain pain point, and pandemic-related shipping delays, material shortages and factory shutdowns have only made these issues worse.

Higher costs: Companies are currently dealing with higher material prices and costly delays, and 40 percent of our respondents cited high costs as a top pain point.

Not enough flexibility: Thirty-five percent of respondents cited a lack of flexibility as a major pain point. The fact that many still follow a JIT strategy may contribute, as working with a limited supplier pool can make it challenging to adapt to sudden shortages or delays quickly.

What comes next: Cloud manufacturing 

As JIT manufacturing principles aren’t cutting it for many companies, cloud manufacturing has emerged as a solution that fixes not only issues of visibility and communication but also fulfills the need for high-quality parts at a reasonable cost, delivered on time.

Cloud manufacturing offers the benefits of JIT manufacturing and more, with increased flexibility. Adopting a cloud manufacturing model can potentially enable:

On-demand manufacturing: While JIT typically requires companies to make precise quantity projections, cloud manufacturing allows you to order parts as needed, without facing long lead times or high order minimums. Cloud manufacturing reduces the need for physical warehousing by storing designs in the cloud to produce on demand.

Increased reliability: Since all of a part’s crucial design and manufacturing information is stored digitally, products can be made to spec repeatedly, whenever you need them.

More flexible supply chains: Cloud manufacturing can also help the 35 percent of respondents who cited a lack of flexibility as a main pain point, as it allows manufacturers to shift production locations easily without sacrificing quality.

How do you know when it’s time to switch? And is cloud manufacturing the right choice for your business? The answers for these questions are different for every company.

Consider potential partners’ supplier networks, tools and quality processes when evaluating cloud manufacturers.

The survey found that those who have stuck with a JIT strategy are more likely to have found a manufacturer they trust. If JIT is working for your business—you’re avoiding the supply chain bottlenecks, rising costs and quality problems others face—you may want to stick with your current strategy. However, if your supply chain isn’t delivering, now is the time to make a move.

When evaluating cloud manufacturers, consider the following:

Their supplier network: Seek out a partner with a distributed network of suppliers across the globe. Having a variety of options allows you to pivot in response to regional issues.

The tools they offer: One of the benefits of cloud manufacturing is centralized data and communication. Look for a cloud manufacturer that provides the visibility you want into your parts’ production, as well as tools to improve your parts based on manufacturing data.

Their quality processes: A great cloud manufacturing partner should be working to ensure you receive quality parts at every step. When you first upload your design, they should provide feedback to improve manufacturability; when you manufacture that part, they should offer rigorous inspection options; and when you’re ready to re-order, they should have a record of everything needed to make your part perfectly.

The past few years have been challenging for manufacturing. Companies continue to deal with supply chain disruptions, longer lead times and higher costs, making it difficult to keep pace. For those manufacturers who found that a JIT model led to higher budget overages, more lost revenue, and unhappy customers, it’s time to explore a different approach.

Cloud manufacturing platforms can offer an appealing alternative, enabling companies to produce products and create flexible, resilient supply chains. It’s impossible to know what the future holds, but a cloud manufacturing strategy could give you the flexibility to handle any challenge.

This article was from Manufacturing.net and was legally licensed through the Industry Dive Content Marketplace. Please direct all licensing questions to legal@industrydive.com.

Choosing a partner like Windstream Enterprise with the right cloud-based solutions can help facilitate the adoption of this superior model with on-demand production, increased reliability and more flexible supply chains for today’s manufacturers.

Key takeaway

Cloud manufacturing platforms can offer an appealing alternative to JIT models, which have faced recent challenges as companies deal with supply chain disruptions, longer lead times and higher costs.

About the Author

Windstream Enterprise

Windstream Enterprise believes people should expect more from their service provider. Our mission: as network, security and application performance become continuously more critical, WE will be the partner that responds to unique customer needs—a pathfinder to help lead them through technology transformation. A trusted advisor to help them connect, transform and elevate their businesses.

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